Mathur Aqueduct is one of the largest Aqueducts in Asia constructed in the year 1966 under the brain work of the late chief minister of Tamil Nadu, k. Kamaraj as a drought relief measure across the river for the people of KANYAKUMARI DISTRICT OF TAMILNADU Mathur Aqueduct is concerned with the task of carrying water for the purpose of irrigation from an elevated spot of one hill to another. Mathur Aqueduct mainly plays the role of supplying water for agriculture to the people of Kalkulam and vellavancodu taulks of Kanyakumari District. Of Tamilnadu. It derives its name from Mathoor, a tiny village very close to the Aqueduct which lies at the distance of 6 kilometers from Thiruvattar town and 60 kilometers away from Knyakumaridistrict of tamilnadu. As a drought relief measure, water from a small river called Pahrali River that flows through the Kanyakumari District in southern India is collected through the Mathur Hanging Trough and circulated to the people of vellavancodu and Kalkulam taulks.
The Aqueduct is constructed across the Pahraliriver, A small river that originates in the Mahendragiri Hills of the Western Ghats. Mathur Aqueduct itself carries water of the Pattanamkal canal for irrigation over the Pahrali river, from one hill to another, for a distance of about one kilometer. This Aqueduct is built because of the undulating land terrain of the area, which is also very close to the hills of the Western Ghats.
Mathur Aqueduct is a massive concrete structure anchored by 28 huge pillars.The maximum height of the pillars reach 115 ft high. The structure of the trough is about 7 ft in height, with a width of 7.5 ft. The trough is provided with concrete slabs on the top that allows people to walk on the bridge and also see the flowing of water through the trough. Some of the pillars are set over the rocks of the Pahrali River; where as some of the pillars are set over the hills on either side.
Road access provides an opportunity to everybody to drive in to one side of the Aqueduct (up to one end). It is also possible to drive into the foot of the Aqueduct (the level where the Pahrali flows) on the opposite side. There is also a huge flight of stairs (made in recent times) that allows one to climb from the level of the Pahrali river to the trough without much strain. Irrigation water usually flows through the Trough during the major part of the year.
It is not only one of the longest and highest aqueducts in South Asia but also one of the most popular tourist spots in Kanyakumari District. The nearest railway station is Kullithurai Railway Station which is just about 15 kilometres and the nearest airport is the Trivandrum International Airport which is about 70 kilometres.
Quite recently people are highly attracted towards, Mathur Aqueduct and it has become one of the most significant and popular tourist spots of Kanyakumari district, and consequently, it has become a prominent tourist spot in Kanyakumari District. The tourism department and the local Panchyat office have improved facilities for the tourists and other visitors.
From the centre of the Aqueduct, one can see vast expanded green vegetations of greenery, with rolling hills of the Western Ghats in the background, and the meandering Pahraliriver flowing below. Mathur Aqueduct is about 60 km from the popular tourist town of Kanyakumari and about 60 km from the city of Trivandrum, the capital of Kerala state.
Mathur Hanging Trough
Length of the flume : 1240 ft (378 m)
Width :7.5 ft (2.3 m)
Height of the trough : 7 ft (2.1 m)
Velocity : 5.1 ft/s (1.55 m/s)
Discharge : 204 ft³/s (5.8 m³/s)
Total No. of span pillars : 28
Length of span : 40 ft (12.2 m)
Bed level, trough at start : 91 in (2.31 m)
Bed level, trough at end : 90 in (2.29 m)
Maximum height above ground level : 115 ft (35 m)
Construction cost : Rs. 12.90lakhs – in 1966